Sarianidi V. Myths of Ancient Bactria and Margiana on its Seals and Amulets. М., 1998. 335 p., 1802 fig.
The civil war in Afghanistan gave unparalleled impetus to the rapacious excavations of the burial mounds and graves of Ancient Bactria, once situated on the territory of modern-day Afghanistan. All kinds of funeral offerings -mostly seals and amulets decorated with intricate narrative images - have appeared on the counters of antiques stores throughout the world. The one thing that saved these items, excavated by amateur archeologists, from disappearing altogether, was the fact that some of them ended up in large private collections and museums. It was only thanks to the kindness of true antique connoisseurs like Ron Garner, Andrew Hale and Jonathan Rosen, that the author was able to compile a summary description of these seals and amulets, in an attempt to save this precious material from disappearing forever. The subjects depicted on the seals and amulets reflect the myths of the Bactrians, giving us a unique opportunity to look into the intellectual world of a people who did not leave behind any written records. Definite parallels can be drawn between most of the images depicted on the seals and amulets, and the Syro-Hittite glyptics of the Bronze Age, leaving no question as to the historical succession of the two. The author was able to date the Bactrian seals and amulets with a certain degree of accuracy thanks to his discoveries of identical or very similar articles during scientifically-controlled excavations in neighboring Margiana (on the territory of what is now Turkmenistan). This study examines over 1,800 seals and amulets, 95 percent of which are being published for the first time. Having been put together in a single volume, they indisputably attest to the existence of a separate Bactro-Margianian school of glyptics and sphragistics.
Каталог более 1800 печатей и амулетов с территории Бактрии и Маргианы, хранящихся в разных музеях, частных коллекциях и в других местах (из них почти 95% в этой книге были опубликованы впервые). Анализ изображений на них.